The Southern account of the Civil War began to be written almost as soon as the guns went silent. Edward Pollard, the wartime editor of the Richmond Examiner, published his 752-page The Lost Cause: A New Southern History of the War of the Confederates in 1866. Considering the technology of the time, this was a…

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The Confederacy’s policy of arming slaves went through fascinating twists and turns. On January 11, 1865, Lee conceded that “military necessity” necissitated arming slaves “without delay.” But bureaucracy does not progress rapidly; President Davis did not sign enabling legislation until March 13 — about three weeks before Lee surrendered at Appomattox, a case of “too little, too late.”

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Merely asking this question says a lot about the average American’s knowledge of history. The “peculiar institution” was contentious when we were still colonies and part of William Wilberforce’s twenty-year campaign to end England’s international slave trade. After Parliament passed the Slave Trade Act of 1807, President Thomas Jefferson followed suit the following year. Because…

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