I’ve already published an essay on this topic, but since Southern Mythology asserts that some slaves fought for the South, I’ve re-examined the topic with important new insights: Some things are certain. Many masters or their sons took slaves to the field as orderlies, and in some, probably many instances those slaves actively participated in…

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The Confederacy’s policy of arming slaves went through fascinating twists and turns. On January 11, 1865, Lee conceded that “military necessity” necissitated arming slaves “without delay.” But bureaucracy does not progress rapidly; President Davis did not sign enabling legislation until March 13 — about three weeks before Lee surrendered at Appomattox, a case of “too little, too late.”

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