Dedicated to African Americans,
Freedmen and slave
Who stood by the Union in her time of trial
And to their descendants
Who kept the faith
Despite segregation and hate

Chapter One Racism and White Supremacy: America’s “Original Sin?”        (25 pages)
Chapter Two Slavery: America’s “Peculiar Institution”                                    (38 pages)
Chapter Three United States Colored Troops — and Black Confederates      (43 pages)
Chapter Four Devastation of the Confederacy                                                (14 pages)
Chapter Five Emancipation: and Reconstruction                                            (40 pages)
Chapter Six The Freedmen’s Bureau                                                              (38 pages)
Chapter Seven “Redemption” and the “Lost Cause”                                       (34 pages)
Chapter Eight Jim Crow: Race Laws and Segregation                                   (22 pages)
Chapter Nine The World Wars and the Great Migration                                 (39 pages)
Chapter Ten The Civil Rights Era (1954 – 1980)                                             (41 pages)
Chapter Eleven Make America Hate Again                                                     (43 pages
Chapter Twelve Conclusions: Whither America?                                            (17 pages)
Appendix One: UN Working Group of Experts on People of African
Descent: Conclusions after 19-29 January 2016 Visit                                     (16 pages)
Appendix Two: Lynching Shadrack Thompson, 1932                                      (4 pages)