Not until 2022 will the United States have been free of slavery as long as that execrable institution existed on our soil – it existed in all thirteen colonies until the Northern states gradually began to abolish the institution after we became a country. By the Civil War, slavery no longer existed in the Northern…

Read More

The history of African Americans in English North America began in August 1619, when the White Lion, an English privateer based in the Netherlands, traded “20 and Odd Negroes” captured off Mexico from a Portuguese slave ship for food. Because these first blacks were Christians, probably from Angola, it is possible that they were initially…

Read More

Slavery, racism, and genocide, America’s horrors, are seldom discussed in the “manifest destiny,” of our “shining beacon on a hill.” It is difficult, nearly impossible, to separate the phenomenon of slavery from racism and white supremacy since both of the latter were used to justify permanent enslavement of African Americans. Nor is this a sectional…

Read More

Six black regular army regiments were authorized by an act of Congress in 1867, two cavalry, the 9th and 10th, and four infantry regiments, the 38th through 41st. About half of the regiments’ strength were veterans of the US Colored Troops and provided most of the regiments’ non-commissioned officers. Two years later, budget cutbacks reduced…

Read More

Readers may have noticed that there have been no new blog postings since September. Relevant topics from Collective amnesia have hardly been exhausted; I’ve simply continued reading and made several major discoveries. Of course, I’ve also been busy giving a number of presentations addressing various topics covered by the book to receptive audiences. To my chagrin, I…

Read More

The Southern account of the Civil War began to be written almost as soon as the guns went silent. Edward Pollard, the wartime editor of the Richmond Examiner, published his 752-page The Lost Cause: A New Southern History of the War of the Confederates in 1866. Considering the technology of the time, this was a…

Read More

Looking over my email last week when we returned from Florida, I realized that Jimmie Locke had sent me a last email right after his 88th birthday, shortly before his death. These are words I will treasure forever! * * * * * * * * * Friday, December 29, 2018, 9:29 AM Geno- I…

Read More

I made my first presentation on Collective Amnesia: American Apartheid, African Americans’ 400 Years in North America, 1619-2019 to a group of dedicated researchers of the Mid-Potomac Historical Research group on Tuesday September 18, 2018 at 4 PM in the Josephine Community Museum in Berryville, VA. Josephine Historic District was a forty-acre African American enclave…

Read More

Most of us are unaware that slavery originally existed in all thirteen colonies. Slowly, Quakers and other religions determined that the practice was immoral, mirroring a process taking place in England at the same time. An Abolitionist movement emerged which actively promoted the end of the South’s “peculiar institution.” The Underground Railroad helped run-away slaves…

Read More