White Supremacy

Slavery, racism, and genocide, America’s horrors, are seldom discussed in the “manifest destiny,” of our “shining beacon on a hill.” It is difficult, nearly impossible, to separate the phenomenon of slavery from racism and white supremacy since both of the latter were used to justify permanent enslavement of African Americans. Nor is this a sectional…

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Why does Black Lives Matter Keep Demonstrating???

In its June 2020 issue, Time magazine observed: “the slightest and smallest level of alleged misconduct or suspicious behavior is suitable to justify the police killer’s unreasonable fear.” Often, the killing of unarmed blacks is justified by describing past misconduct. Many believe that victims of summary execution somehow deserve their fate. Policing is a dangerous…

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Black Confederates Revisited

Continuing to research and rewrite my forthcoming book, African Americans in American History, I found a lot more material on the topic of black Confederate soldiers. So much, in fact,  that I made the topic a separate chapter instead of an add-on to US Colored Troops. The Confederates clearly recognized the efficacy of the 200,000…

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The Buffalo Soldiers

Six black regular army regiments were authorized by an act of Congress in 1867, two cavalry, the 9th and 10th, and four infantry regiments, the 38th through 41st. About half of the regiments’ strength were veterans of the US Colored Troops and provided most of the regiments’ non-commissioned officers. Two years later, budget cutbacks reduced…

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The “Lost Cause” — What Does It Mean?

The Southern account of the Civil War began to be written almost as soon as the guns went silent. Edward Pollard, the wartime editor of the Richmond Examiner, published his 752-page The Lost Cause: A New Southern History of the War of the Confederates in 1866. Considering the technology of the time, this was a…

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Speaking Topics

I have prepared presentations, roughly half an hour to an hour in length, but adaptable to your requirements, on the following topics: Summary of Collective Amnesia Findings White Supremacy and Racism  Decisive Role of US Colored Troops in the Civil War — and Black Confederates  African American Troops in World War I and the Great…

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White Supremacy and Racism

Sadly, white supremacy and racism are much in the news these days. Our president recognized “good people” among the Ku Klux Klan, neo-Nazis and similar groups in Charlottesville in August 2017, encouraging them.   The greatest paradox of America has been the existence of castes of people excluded from the Declaration of Independence’s central premise…

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Kirkus Review of Collective Amnesia: American Apartheid

COLLECTIVE AMNESIA: AMERICAN APARTHEID African Americans’ 400 Years in North America, 1619-2019 Eugene DeFriest Betit Xlibris (502 pp.); February 14, 2019 BOOK REVIEW An accomplished American historian explores the roots and effects of the mistreatment of African Americans in the United States. Much of the history in Bétit’s (War’s Cost, 2016, etc.) carefully researched and…

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Were There Black Confederate Soldiers?

I’ve already published an essay on this topic, but since Southern Mythology asserts that some slaves fought for the South, I’ve re-examined the topic with important new insights: Some things are certain. Many masters or their sons took slaves to the field as orderlies, and in some, probably many instances those slaves actively participated in…

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