One subject that is seldom addressed in standard US history courses is Redemption. Small wonder, since it concerns the means whereby white Southerners wrested control of local and state governments from the black and white Republican majority– a process that lasted decades and involved terrorism — murder, wide-spread violence, threats of violence, fraud and intimidation,…

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In the wake of George Floyd’s death last May, millions of Americans from all backgrounds and races participated in demonstrations, marred in some cases by violence. After Floyd’s murder, there were massive demonstrations around the world, and they have continued across the United States more than three months later. The issues at stake are complex,…

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We must always take sides.Neutrality helps the oppressor, never the victim. Silence encouragesthe tormentor, never the tormented.Elie Wiesel The subject matter of this next book is not African American history, but American history which includes aspects that white Americans considered unimportant, painful, or attempted to ignore. Blacks have contributed much to this country, and the…

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Blacks debarking from the White Lion It is commonly believed that the history of African Americans in English North America began in August 1619, when the White Lion, an English privateer based in the Netherlands, traded “20 and Odd Negroes” captured off Mexico from a Portuguese slave ship for food. Because these first blacks were…

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This book is an augmented, comprehensive study of African Americans’ accomplishments since arriving with the Spanish in North America in 1526—nearly a century before the first Anglo-Saxons landed near Jamestown. The book documents their perseverance despite a saga of racism and white supremacy seldom taught in American schools at any level. Seventy-eight photographs, maps, charts,…

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The Southern account of the Civil War developed almost as soon as the guns went silent. Edward Pollard, wartime editor of the Richmond Examiner, published his 752-page The Lost Cause: A New Southern History of the War of the Confederates in 1866. Considering the technology of the time, this was a virtuoso feat, because this…

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Not until 2022 will the United States have been free of slavery as long as that execrable institution existed on our soil – it existed in all thirteen colonies until the Northern states gradually began to abolish the institution after we became a country. By the Civil War, slavery no longer existed in the Northern…

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The Southern account of the Civil War developed almost as soon as the guns went silent. Edward Pollard, wartime editor of the Richmond Examiner, published his 752-page The Lost Cause: A New Southern History of the War of the Confederates in 1866. Considering the technology of the time, this was a virtuoso feat, because the…

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Slavery, racism, and genocide, America’s horrors, are seldom discussed in the “manifest destiny,” of our “shining beacon on a hill.” It is difficult, nearly impossible, to separate the phenomenon of slavery from racism and white supremacy since both of the latter were used to justify permanent enslavement of African Americans. Nor is this a sectional…

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In its June 2020 issue, Time magazine observed: “the slightest and smallest level of alleged misconduct or suspicious behavior is suitable to justify the police killer’s unreasonable fear.” Often, the killing of unarmed blacks is justified by describing past misconduct. Many believe that victims of summary execution somehow deserve their fate. Policing is a dangerous…

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